top of page

Physics of Earth’s Radiation Belts

Inside this Book

If you make use of this material, you may credit the authors as follows:

Koskinen Hannu E. J. and Kilpua Emilia K. J., "Physics of Earth’s Radiation Belts", Springer Nature, 2022, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-82167-8, License:

This open access book serves as textbook on the physics of the radiation belts surrounding the Earth. Discovered in 1958 the famous Van Allen Radiation belts were among the first scientific discoveries of the Space Age. Throughout the following decades the belts have been under intensive investigation motivated by the risks of radiation hazards they expose to electronics and humans on spacecraft in the Earth’s inner magnetosphere. This textbook teaches the field from basic theory of particles and plasmas to observations which culminated in the highly successful Van Allen Probes Mission of NASA in 2012-2019. Using numerous data examples the authors explain the relevant concepts and theoretical background of the extremely complex radiation belt region, with the emphasis on giving a comprehensive and coherent understanding of physical processes affecting the dynamics of the belts. The target audience are doctoral students and young researchers who wish to learn about the physical processes underlying the acceleration, transport and loss of the radiation belt particles in the perspective of the state-of-the-art observations.


Earth's Radiation Belts, Van Allen Belts, Charged Particle Motion In Earth’s Magnetosphere, Sources And Losses Of Radiation Belt Particles, Whistler Mode Chorus, Plasmaspheric Hiss, Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves, Wave-particle Interactions, Pc5 Waves, Open Access

Rights | License

Except where otherwise noted, this item has been published under the following license:

Takedown policy

If you believe that this publication infringes copyright, please contact us at and provide relevant details so that we can investigate your claim.

bottom of page